One of the most abused substances today is prescription opioids. This is partly due to the fact that many doctors overprescribe prescription opioids to individuals that need pain relief. Thus, many people, whether intentionally or unintentionally, misuse their opioid prescriptions and develop opioid addictions. Because of how addictive opiates are and how severe opiate withdrawal symptoms can be, individuals that suffer from opiate addiction should attend opiate detox followed by opiate addiction treatment.
What Are Opioids and Opiates?
Opioids are substances that interact with the opioid receptors in the body to relieve the body of pain. Opioids can come from the natural substance known as morphine. Morphine is found in the seed pod of different opium poppy plants. Opioids can also come from synthetic morphine that’s been developed in a lab. Most medical opioids are made in labs.
When comparing opioids to opiates, the difference between the two is that opioids can be natural, synthetic, or semi-synthetic while opiates are only natural opioids. Therefore, all opiates are opioids, but not all opioids are opiates. Despite the technical differences between opioids and opiates, most people use the terms opioids and opiates interchangeably.
Types of Opioids/Opiates
As mentioned earlier, opioids can be synthetic, natural, or semi-synthetic while opiates are all-natural. Technically, only the opioids listed below that are from all-natural substances are opiates.
Common Synthetic Prescription Opioids
Common Semi-Synthetic Prescription Opioids
- Oxycodone (Oxycontin, Percocet, Roxicodone)
- Hydrocodone-Acetaminophen (Vicodin, Lorcet, Lortab)
- Hydromorphone ( Dilaudid, Exalgo, Pelladone)
- Buprenorphine (Subutex, Buprenenex, Butrans, Probuphine)
Common Prescription Drugs Made from Natural Opiates
Signs and Symptoms of Opioid/Opiate Addiction
There are various signs and symptoms of opioid and opiate addiction. These signs and symptoms of opioid/opiate addiction can be behavioral, physical, or mental. Note if you or someone you know who is taking opioids or opiates and is exhibiting multiple of these signs and symptoms. If so, you should look into attending opiate addiction treatment as soon as possible.
Behavioral Signs and Symptoms of Opioid/Opiate Addiction
- Mood swings
- Emotionally withdrawing from family and friends
- Being secretive about one’s whereabouts and actions
- Risky behavior
- Financial issues
- Stealing from others
- Performing illegal actions
- Slurred speech
- Not keeping up with daily responsibilities
- Excessive sleeping
- Low motivation
- Quickly changing social circles
- Shopping at different pharmacies for opioid prescriptions
- Lost of interest in activities that you once enjoyed
- Increased tiredness
- Persistent feelings of sadness
- Excessive eating
- Sudden bouts of energy
- Rapid speech
Physical Signs and Symptoms of Opioid/Opiate Addiction
- Poor personal hygiene
- Feelings of euphoria when consuming opioids
- Weight loss
- Blurred vision
- Nausea and vomiting
- Slowed breathing
- Shrunken pupils
Mental Signs and Symptoms of Opioid/Opiate Addiction
Signs and Symptoms of Opioid Overdose
It’s possible to overdose on opioids. Opioid overdose is highly dangerous and can lead to death. Thus, if you notice the following signs and symptoms in a person that abuses opioids/opiates, call 911 immediately.
- Being physically limp
- Not being able to speak
- Falling in and out of consciousness
- Slowed heartbeat
- Extreme paleness
Effects of Opioid/Opiate Addiction
There are numerous effects of opioid addiction. Some of these effects include the following:
- Short, slowed breathing
Opioid/Opiate Addiction and Mental Illness
Like with all substance addictions, many people that suffer from an opioid/opiate addiction also suffer from a mental illness. Some people that suffer from an opioid/opiate addiction suffered from a mental illness prior to their addictions. Alternatively, others developed their mental illness after already suffering from their opioid/opiate addiction.
People that suffer from opioid/opiate addictions are particularly susceptible to developing mental illnesses since they are already likely dealing with chronic pain. Opioid/opiate addicts are also susceptible to developing mental illnesses because the substance has made changes to their brains’ chemistry that cause them to experience symptoms related to mental illness. For example, some of the effects and withdrawal symptoms of opioids/opiates include moodiness, anxiety, and depression.
Depression, in particular, is very common in people that suffer from opioid/opiate addiction. Research even shows that 10% of people that were prescribed opioids showed signs of depression within one month. Furthermore, individuals that used opioid prescriptions for longer periods of time experienced depression at even higher rates.
Opioid and opiate detox is the process of ridding the body of all opioids so that one can enter addiction treatment clean and sober. Prior to receiving opioid or opiate addiction treatment, it’s imperative that all individuals that suffer from opioid addiction attend opioid detox. This is because the withdrawal symptoms of opioids and opiates can be deadly. Thus, individuals need to detox in a professional medical detox facility with physicians and a medical staff monitoring each step in the detox process.
Opioid/Opiate Withdrawal Symptoms
Anyone that suffers from opioid or opiate addiction is already dependent on the substance. Thus, all individuals with an opioid/opiate addiction experience withdrawal symptoms whenever they minimize or discontinue their use of the substance.
Common opioid/opiate withdrawal symptoms include:
- Opioid/opiate cravings
- Abdominal pain
- Muscle aches
- Pain in bones
- Severe sweating
- Feeling cold
Opioid and Opiate Addiction Treatment
Once individuals complete detox for opioid and opiate addiction, they must attend opioid and opiate addiction treatment. Because of how addictive opioids are, it’s best to attend an inpatient addiction treatment program. Those who can’t live in a rehab facility while receiving inpatient treatment, can attend an outpatient treatment program instead.
Inpatient Opioid and Opiate Addiction Treatment
There are two types of inpatient opioid and opiate addiction treatment programs. One is standard inpatient treatment while the other is residential treatment.
Both standard inpatient treatment and residential inpatient treatment require their patients to live in rehab facilities while receiving care so that they receive 24/7 care and monitoring. The main difference between the two is that standard inpatient treatment programs are more strict and structured while residential treatment programs are more casual. Therefore, residential treatment patients get more free time to themselves and more time to participate in holistic forms of addiction treatment.
Outpatient Opioid and Opiate Addiction Treatment
There are three types of outpatient opioid and opiate addiction treatment programs. The most intense outpatient opioid and opiate addiction treatment program is partial hospitalization program treatment.
Partial hospitalization programs (PHPs) require their patients to attend rehab for five to eight hours a day, five to seven days a week. PHPs are for individuals with moderate to severe substance addictions.
Intensive outpatient programs (IOPs) require their patients to attend rehab for approximately a few hours a day, a few days a week. Individuals that attend IOPs for opioid and opiates should suffer from moderate level addictions.
The least intensive form of outpatient treatment for any substance is outpatient program treatment. This is because standard outpatient programs only require their patients to attend rehab for approximately a couple of hours a day, once or twice a week. Because of how little time individuals that attend OPs spend in rehab, OP patients should suffer from mild-level substance addictions.
Common Forms of Addiction Therapy Used During Opioid and Opiate Addiction Treatment
Within all forms of opioid and opiate addiction treatment programs are addiction therapies. There are various different types of addiction therapies that are effective when treating opioid and opiate addictions.
One of the main forms of addiction therapy that people receive while in opioid and opiate addiction treatment is cognitive-behavioral therapy (CBT). Cognitive-behavioral therapy is a form of therapy that focuses on changing one’s negative thoughts, emotions, and behaviors into positive thoughts, emotions, and behaviors. Through CBT, individuals receiving opioid and opiate addiction treatment will learn how to manage their addiction triggers through positive thoughts, emotions, and behaviors.
Dialectical behavior therapy (DBT) is similar to CBT. This is because dialectical behavior therapy focuses on helping individuals accept their negative thoughts and emotions so that they don’t have any power over them. Once this is done, DBT patients can change their negative behaviors into positive ones.
Whether it incorporates CBT in it or some other form of addiction therapy, all opioid and opiate addiction treatment programs must contain individual therapy sessions within them. This is because it allows addiction treatment patients to learn about themselves.
It’s also through individual therapy that addiction treatment patients learn why they abuse substances in the first place. Once this mystery and a person’s addiction triggers are discovered, an addiction therapist will guide individuals into learning how to healthily cope with their addiction triggers in individual therapy.
Group therapy is also vital to opioid and opiate addiction treatment. This is because group therapy allows people with opioid and opiate addictions to learn from the experiences of other individuals in recovery.
Group therapy also provides individuals with the opportunity to get advice on their substance use and mental health disorders. In a way, group therapy is the place for individuals in addiction treatment to build on their support groups.
Receive Opioid/Opiate Addiction Treatment At Phoenix Rising Recovery
Here at Phoenix Rising Recovery, individuals can receive individualized and specialized treatment programs for a wide variety of substances. This includes prescription drugs like opioids and opiates. Also, we provide patients with detox services. So you can complete both detox and rehab at our facility.
Here at Phoenix Rising Recovery, we aim to treat the mind, body, and soul of all of our patients. That’s why we provide a wide range of addiction therapies and treatment programs at our facility, including holistic therapy.
To learn more about Phoenix Rising Recovery and the different addiction treatment programs and therapies that we offer, contact us today! We would love nothing more than to help you achieve long-term sobriety.